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Egypt – Violence against Christians during the Christmas season

Egypt is home to the largest Christian community in the Arab world – the Coptic Church. Dating back to the very beginnings of Christianity and to the Apostle Mark, there are about 8 million Copts in Egypt today. But in a deeply politically divided country with Islam as its state religion, even such a venerable community is not safe from brutal assaults.

On November 25, 2020, the beginning of the fasting period for Christians in Egypt that precedes Christmas, a Muslim mob in the village of al Barsha, in the governorate of Minya, besieged Saint Abu Seifin Church, while also attacking Coptic homes and shops with stones and Molotov cocktails. The attack followed allegations that a young Christian man had posted on Facebook a portrayal of the Prophet of Islam deemed offensive to Muslims.

In Alexandria, Ramses Boulos Hermina, 47, was killed in one of the attack.

An 85-year-old Coptic woman suffered severe burns as the mob set her home on fire, according to Eman Saleh, 48, who spoke to Aid to the Church in Need (ACN). Her son Andrew was arrested after trying to protect the family home and helping injured people get to the hospital. He faces charges of terrorism and inciting a riot.

Andrew, who is 26 and works as a bread distributor, was attending a prayer service in the church when the mob began gathering outside. He rushed out to defend his home, next to the church. There were violent clashes between the Muslims and the Christians, who tried to protect their homes and properties. Andrew was helping to take the injured to the hospital for treatment, as clashes continued from 6:30 pm until 11:00 pm. Security forces subsequently arrived and dispersed the crowds with tear gas, Mrs. Saleh reported.

Police managed to secure the exit of the worshippers who were being held inside Saint Abu Seifin Church. “Several hours later, I heard loud knocking at the door of the house. It was 2:00 am. The police came in and arrested Andrew and his younger brother Mina, 16. They kicked my sons and dragged them out like criminals,” said Mrs. Saleh.

Hours after their arrest, the police released Mina because he was too young, and arrested 14 other Christians and 21 Muslims, all of whom are being held in a high-security military prison. Mrs. Saleh has not seen her son Andrew since his arrest, and no one has been brought to trial yet.

Anti-Christian violence elsewhere in Egypt

After his father’s death a few years ago, Andrew became the sole breadwinner for his family, consisting of his mother, a sister who is a quadriplegic, brother Mina and another sister. The mother has asked for prayers that her son be released soon. “I am afraid that he will get sick or catch the coronavirus, as he suffers from shortness of breath and does not have suitable clothes for winter. He is only wearing light prison clothes,” said his mother.

The pain of Copts during the Christmas season was not limited to Minya, a province whose Christian citizens have been a regular target of sectarian attacks and displacement. There was also anti-Christian violence in Alexandria, a coastal city located some 200 km north of Cairo.

On December 10th, in the al- Wardian district of Alexandria, three brothers from a Muslim family attacked the Coptic shops near St. Damiana Church, killing Ramses Boulos Hermina, 47, by stabbing him in the neck. His older brother Adel and their neighbour Tarek Fawzi Shenouda were seriously injured.

One of the victim showing his wounds

According to Mina, the nephew of the victim, who spoke to ACN, the three brothers, Anwar, Ali and Nasser live next door to the Coptic church. They used to insult and harass the Christians in the neighbourhood. The Christians refrained from responding due to their fear of the brothers and their criminal record. Nasser has spent time in jail because of so many offences, he said.

At about 6 pm, their sick old mother died, and soon after the brothers turned up at Coptic shops with swords and knives, shouting and accusing Christians of killing their mother.

First, they stormed the shop of Mr. Ramses Boulos. Nasser stabbed him in the neck and the left side of his belly. Mr. Ramses Boulos, father of a nine-year-old daughter, died in hospital a few hours later. “My father, Adel Boulos, tried to save his younger brother, but one of the assailants tied him up and another stabbed him in the left side of his belly causing a deep gash. Thank God he is better now,” said Mina.

The attackers continued. They rushed on to confront Tariq Fawzi Shenoud, owner of a clothing shop, and stabbed him in the chest, close to the heart. He was quickly transported to the hospital and survived.

According to Mina, the three brothers were in the habit of insulting and spitting on the Christians as they entered and left their church. But the police never intervened. The police arrested the three brothers after the recent incidents, but they have yet to appear before a judge.

To learn more about religious freedom in Egypt, read the ACN report on religious freedom: https://religious-freedom-report.org/report/?report=192

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