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Central African Republic: A Jubilee Year Overshadowed by Violence

On December 20, 2020, the Carmelites in the Central African Republic were planning to initiate a jubilee year celebrating the 50th anniversary of the founding of their missions in the Central African Republic. However, the celebrations could not be held because of unrest arising from the elections. In spite of all the difficulties, these fathers—serving in one of the poorest countries of the world, one regularly plagued by violent conflicts—are not ready to give up.

Fr. Nicolò Ellena (1923 – 2019) was one of the four founders of the Carmelite Missions in the Central African Republic. He worked as a missionary in this country from 1971 to 2013, after having served some years as a missionary in Japan, and returned to Italy only at the age of 90.
In November 2019 he died at the Carmelite Monastery of Arenzano, Italy, at the age of 96 years, leaving behind 50 diaries he wrote during the years he spent in the Missions.

It was to be a great celebration of thanksgiving and joy. On December 20, the oldest mission station of the Carmelites in the Central African Republic in Bozoum was planning to initiate the celebrations for the golden jubilee year of the presence of their Order in this country at the very heart of Africa. Carmelite fathers from all of the missions and many faithful were going to come together to thank God for these 50 years and to ask Him for His blessings for the future.

However, on the morning of December 18, a disturbing message suddenly spread like wildfire: a group of armed rebels driving trucks and motorcycles had invaded the city that night. They looted the offices of an aid organization and broke down the door of the police station. Shots were fired in the streets. Other rebels blocked one of the country’s major traffic arteries.

Fear and terror spread and the children of the local orphanage fled to the church. Those who were already on their way to the celebrations turned back. A particularly grave disappointment for the two young religious who were planning to take their perpetual vows on this great day. This celebration, which was first cancelled and postponed, was finally held instead with a small number of people at the Carmelite Monastery in the capital of Bangui. Father Federico Trinchero, the provincial delegate of the Carmelites for the Central African Republic, commented, “It was not easy to accept that we would not be able to gather together to welcome the two young brothers as they took their final steps to becoming members of our family of religious. But we made this sacrifice for peace in this country to ensure that the elections could be held without disruption. In the end, in spite of everything, it was beautiful.”

Left: Fr. Federico Trinchero, OCD, Superior (provincial delegate) of the Carmelites in CAR

“The man who forced the guns of the rebels into submission,” back in action.

In fact, the parliamentary and presidential elections held on December 27, did unleash further unrest in many cities. On the day after the elections, the residents of Baoro, where the Carmelites run another mission station, were awakened in the early morning hours by sustained gunfire which continued for an hour. On the evening of the same day, two rebels climbed over the walls of the mission station and forced the guard to call for the missionaries. The 58-year-old Italian Carmelite Father Aurelio Gazzera came out of his room to find himself suddenly face-to-face with two armed men who demanded the priests hand over motorcycles belonging to the government party because they believed that these were being kept at the mission station. They threatened Father Aurelio, but he managed to convince them that the motorcycles were not at the mission. Although they continued to make threats, ultimately the priest was able to get them to leave the house and premises.

Bozoum: Fr. Aurelio Gazzera blessing the faithful with holy water

While working as a priest in Bozoum during the civil war, Father Aurelio had on previous occasions protected the people by risking his life to negotiate with rebel groups and persuading them to leave. He is known to the people there as the “man who forced the guns of the rebels into submission.” In his new position in Baoro, which he only began a few weeks ago, he now had to live up to his name again.

Meanwhile, in Bozoum, gunmen looted and laid waste to the Caritas offices during the night of January 3-4, 2021.

However, on the Sunday before Epiphany, the Carmelites in Baoro and Bangui were able to celebrate without disruption the major feast in honour of the Infant of Prague, which is attended by large numbers of faithful each year. On World Mission Sunday in October, Bishop Miroslaw Gucwa of Bouar dedicated his entire diocese to the Most Gracious Infant Jesus, a statue brought to the Central African Republic by the first Carmelite missionaries. The bishop presented each parish of his diocese with a statue of this image and personally blessed them. Many of the faithful took part in the processions. They asked the Christ Child for peace in their country and protection for their children.

Feast of the Infant Jesus of Prague at the Monastery of the Discalzed Carmelite Fathers, Bangui – January 3, procession.

Celebrations in a Time of Turmoil

No one knows what will happen during this jubilee year. However, just like the courageous pioneers of their Order, the Fathers today refuse to be discouraged. When the first four Carmelites came to the Central African Republic from Italy, they rolled up their sleeves and set to work in one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, which is regularly plagued by unrest and armed conflicts. One of them, Father Nicolò Ellena, was still actively working in the mission up to the proud age of 90 years. He died in 2019 at the age of 96. He left his fellow brothers fifty journals, in which he described his daily adventures and challenges. Father Carlo Cencio, the last surviving of the first four pioneers, is now 83 and living in Italy.

Today, eight Italian missionaries serve at five mission stations. To date, the branch in the Central African Republic has inducted twelve local priests—and the number of vocations is growing each year. Thirty-eight young men from Central African Republic and neighbouring country of Cameroon are currently in formation – they are receiving support from Aid to the Church in Need (ACN).

Central African Republic, Bangui Carmel – December 19, 2018
“I’m scared. But I still want to be a priest.”

Two young African Carmelites, Brother Régis-Marie and Brother Jeannot-Marie, composed a song to celebrate the jubilee year, in which they thank God and the first missionaries for the 50 years during which the Carmelites have served in their country. In the song, they promise to continue their work.

The seeds sown by the first Carmelite fathers 50 years ago, have germinated and borne rich fruit.

January 3, 2021: Children with a statue of the Holy Infant Jesus of Prague;
Feast of the Infant Jesus of Prague at Baoro, Central African Republic.

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