On August 19, marking the 102nd anniversary of the country’s independence from British rule, Zabihullah Mujahid, spokesman for the Taliban, declared Afghanistan to be the “Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan” in his official Twitter account.
Thomas Heine-Geldern, Executive President of the pontifical charity Aid to the Church in Need (ACN), expresses profound concerns about the seizure of power in, and the renaming of, the country.
Note: ACN Canada is issuing this statement as numerous news sources have just confirmed that an explosion has occurred in the vicinity of Kabul Airport. There is talk of many casualties, more than 70 persons died and at least 50 persons wounded. The Islamic State says it is behind the attack. Please continue to pray for the people of Afghanistan.
“During the rule of the previous Emirate of Afghanistan (1996 to 2001), the Taliban imposed a strict version of Sharia law nationwide. We can expect that Sunni Islam will be the official religion, Sharia law will be re-imposed, and hard-won freedoms for human rights, including a relative measure of religious freedom over the last 20 years, will be revoked.
ACN predicted the deterioration of the situation in its recent Religious Freedom in the World Report, published in April 2021. Throughout the 22-year history of this report, Afghanistan has always been among the countries that most violate this fundamental right. The report highlights the repeated and egregious attacks against places of worship, religious leaders, and worshippers, especially in the last three years.
Our analysis, unfortunately, does not leave much room for hope. All those who do not espouse the extreme Islamist views of the Taliban are at risk, even moderate Sunni. The Shia (10%), the small Christian community, and all other religious minorities already under threat, will suffer even greater oppression. This is a huge setback for all human rights and especially for religious freedom in the country.
Regrettably, a number of countries quickly declared their sympathies for the new Emirate. This will not only give the stamp of approval to the Taliban, but also embolden authoritarian regimes all over the world, particularly in this region, spurring increasing violations of religious freedoms in their own countries. International recognition of the Taliban will also act as a magnet for smaller radical Islamic groups, creating a new constellation of religious terrorist factions that could supplant historic organizations such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State. Other areas of concern include Pakistan, Palestine, and the province of Idlib in Syria. The situation for Christians and other religious minority communities already suffering oppression will further deteriorate.
The content of the talks that have been taking place in Doha since 2020 between the Taliban and the West, and between the Taliban and the Afghan government, remains relatively secret. Thus, we are unable to make a more precise assessment of what the agreements reached will mean for the Afghans who do not espouse the extreme Islamist views of the Taliban.
A multitude of thorny diplomatic questions remains. The unexpected and voluntary flight from power by President Ashraf Ghani creates ethical and moral difficulties for the West, as those countries participating in talks with the Taliban expressed weeks ago that they would never recognize a regime that has taken power by force. Will be there a response from the Taliban on any human rights claims without formal channels? The fact that most Western embassies are closing, and international observers are leaving, like they did in Syria in 2011, is not a good sign.
Aid to the Church in Need encourages the international community to raise a voice for the protection of human rights for all citizens of Afghanistan, especially considering that we estimate that religious freedom will especially be under threat. We also call on our benefactors and friends to continue to pray during this profoundly troubling time in the history of Afghanistan.”
Over 99.86% of the population are Muslim; the biggest group being Sunni, and 10% are Shia. Among the 0.14% of other believers, a relatively equal number are Hindus, Baha’i, Buddhists and Christians. There are just 200 registered Catholics in the country.
For more information, consult the report in the Religious Freedom in the World Report at: https://acninternational.org/religiousfreedomreport/reports/af/